The New Largest TUAS Port Development Project is very Crucial to Singapore's Economic Growth and Sustainability, also contributes to millions of new jobs for our Singaporeans People, but at the expense of even more Pollution caused to Planet Earth, Oceans and Seas, unless much care and consideration is done to ensure that the Coral Reefs in our waters will not be killed by the Land Reclamation and Sedimentation Activities, in order to construct and build this Mega TUAS Port.
Read more on the Devastation Effects of the Mangrove, Coral Reefs and Marine Ecosystem due to such large scale construction projects and developments : http://www.reefresilience.org/coral-reefs/stressors/local-stressors/coastal-development/
If one day due to overfishing activity or entire world coral reefs and eco system is down, with the entire waste/rubbish pollution of all the Oceans and Seas of the world, we Humans Beings and our Future Generations will and are not going to be able to Survive or Live long no matter what country you are living in. 70% of Earth is Water, and only 30% consist of land.
Many people only care about themselves, their country's economic gains, profits, but they do not understand why we kept Emphasise the importance of having Healthy Coral Reefs, Clean Oceans, Seas and Marine Eco system. Most of them are just busy dedicating their entire life working in office for their bosses to care about whats happening in the world or even try to understand what's the fuss about.
Currently, 2.5 billion people (40% of the world’s population) live within 100 km of the coast,ref adding increased pressure to coastal ecosystems. Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, or infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. Coastal development impacts may be direct (e.g., land filling, dredging, coral and sand mining for construction) or indirect (e.g., increased runoff of sediment and pollutants).
Mangroves create a barrier between land and sea, filtering sediment and nutrients from coastal runoff and protecting the coastline from storms.
Construction projects (piers, channels, airstrips, dikes, land reclamation, etc.) — can kill corals directly
Degradation of coral reefs — can result in lost tourism revenue in countries that depend on reef-based tourism and also can reduce fish populations
Coastal construction — can cause chronic sedimentation, sewage effluent, industrial discharge, and changes in water flow and runoff, which can adversely affect coral growth rates and metabolic activities as well as directly kill corals
Removal of reefs — can result in beach erosion, land retreat, and sedimentation
Sedimentation — can smother reefs or increase turbidity in coastal waters, thus reducing light needed for coral growth and survival
Pollutants — can lead to increases in coral disease and mortality, cause changes in coral community structure, and impede coral growth, reproduction and larval settlement; for example, nutrient runoff can lead to algal blooms which can stifle coral growth
Mining of coral for construction materials — can lead to long-term economic losses in terms of lost benefits for fisheries, coastal protection, tourism, and food security and biodiversity
As coastal populations increase and natural coastal protection is degraded or lost, sea-level rise and changes in storm patterns are likely to increase the effects of harmful coastal development activities. Local impacts of land-based sources of stress will occur in combination with global and regional stressors, such as climate change, land-use practices, and freshwater inputs, further threatening the survival of coral reef ecosystems. For example, increases in storm impacts linked to climate change could exacerbate run-off of sediments and other pollutants.
Reducing the effects of coastal development is critically important; it threatens nearly 25% of the world’s coral reefs, particularly in Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic.ref The impacts of coastal development can be drastically reduced through effective planning and land use regulations.
For example, planning and management approaches can include land-use zoning plans and regulations, protection of coastal habitats (such as mangroves), coastal setbacks that restrict development within a fixed distance from shoreline, watershed management, improved collection and treatment of wastewater and solid wastes, and management of tourism within sustainable levels.